Maureen Kelly, Ph.D.
Friday, January 15, 2016, 3:00 p.m.-4:15 p.m., McClelland Park RM 101
Title: "The Last Lecture”
Abstract: From an early age, I wondered why people make the choices they do. Over time, this question resulted in my studying how people decide to become researchers, teacher decision-making about methods of teaching and adolescent sexual decision-making. As a constructivist scholar, I believe that individuals make meaning through interactions with each other and with the environment they live in. A long time feminist, I have always been a voice for pushing harder, faster and more inclusively for those who are different or less ordinary. As I move into the third phase of my life, I will share some perspectives on phase two, my life as an academic. A collection of ideas and observations from 32 years of teaching at The University of Arizona
Workshop Material: https://youtu.be/OPMKHgrVRpY
John Ruiz, Ph.D
Friday, January 22, 2016, 1:00 p.m.-2:30 p.m., McClelland Park RM 402
Title: "From Voodoo Death to Vigilance: The Evolution of Research on Stress and Heart Disease”
Abstract: Folklore has long held that stress can have deleterious health effects, including disease and death. Now, with robust evidence supporting this relationship, efforts are focused on what causes stress and understanding the pathways by which stress gets “under the skin” to influence disease risk. Our social lives constitute an important source of risk and resilience in the experience of stress and its consequences. Moreover, individual differences in the tendency to perceive or experience social stress are prospectively associated with faster disease progression, adverse health events, and mortality. Social vigilance is an emerging candidate behavior potentially linking awareness of social stress to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Social vigilance reflects a sensory intake process where an environment or potential threat is continually monitored and reappraised in order to detect any change in status. This effortful state of readiness may be an adaptive behavior in some contexts. However, sustained vigilance or hypervigilance may have deleterious health consequences. The aims of this talk are to: a) briefly review the evolution of stress and health research, and b) address interpersonal influences of stress with a focused discussion of social vigilance. The talk will conclude with a discussion of next steps, including potential interventions.
Workshop Materials: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTSUTndebF8&feature=youtu.be
Media Training: Representing Your Research in News and Social Media
Friday, February 12, 2016, 1:00 p.m.-2:30 p.m., McClelland Park RM 402
Ph.D., Department of Communications, University of Arizona
“Causes & Consequences of Overparenting”
Friday, March 4th, 2016, 1:00 p.m.-2:30 p.m., McClelland Park RM 210
Ph.D., School of Social Work, Arizona State University
"Environmental and Intergenerational Influences on the Behavioral Health of Youth in Southeast Asian Refugee Families”
Friday, March 25th, 2016, 1:00 p.m.-2:30 p.m., McClelland Park RM 402
Ph.D., Department of Psychology, The University of Arizona
Friday, April 22nd, 2016, 1:00 p.m.-2:30 p.m., McClelland Park RM 402
Ph.D., Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University
Friday, April 29th, 2016 1:00 p.m-2:30 p.m., McClelland Park RM 402
Roberto Baiocco, Ph.D.
Friday, January 16, 3:30pm to 4:30pm, McClelland Park RM 206
Title: Be as You Are: Clinical and Research Experiences from an Italian University Centre that Promotes the Wellbeing of LGBT People
Abstract: In Italy, sexual orientation disclosure for LGB people is still a challenging process since it may result in social rejection and objective discrimination. Indeed, it is well known that heterosexism and homonegative attitudes are firmly rooted in Italian society and its institutions. In this talk, I will start giving a general overview of the Italian context regarding LGBT issues highlighting those legal and social developments that inevitably have a profound influence on the well-being of sexual minority people. Then, I will illustrate the clinical and research experiences in the “Be as You Are” University Centre, a Counselling Service in Rome for issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity. Specifically, I will discuss our research and our clinical approach about the role of coming out from a systemic family perspective in promoting well-being for sexual minority youths. From a systemic point of view, coming out process has been deﬁned as a “whole family experience’’ and an “interpersonal phenomenon” since it is a salient event involving all family members. The view of the family as a “system” allows us to understand and to work on the parental reactions to their children’s coming out. Understanding the coming out process and the variables related to family responses is an important aspect for the design and delivery of services aimed to promote wellbeing in sexual minority youth.
Workshop Materials: Video
Danielle Delpriore, Ph.D.
Friday, January 23, 3:30pm to 4:30pm, McClelland Park RM 206
Title: The Effects of Paternal Disengagement Cues on Women’s Sexual Attitudes and Perceptions
Abstract: Previous research demonstrates a robust association between father absence – or low quality paternal investment – and daughters’ accelerated development, increased sexuality, and earlier reproduction. However, the psychological shifts underlying the association between low quality fathering and these outcomes remain largely unexamined. The current work begins to address this empirical gap, exploring the impact that proximately activated cues to paternal disengagement have on women’s sexual psychology. In a series of experiments, women were prompted to describe a time that their biological father was physically or psychologically absent for an important life event (or a control state) before completing measures designed to assess their sexual attitudes and perceptions. The results demonstrate that women primed with paternal disengagement cues reported less restricted sexual attitudes, and perceived greater sexual intent in men’s actions and faces, relative to women in the control condition. This work suggests that attitudinal and perceptual shifts may contribute to the reliably observed association between father absence and daughters’ accelerated sexual and reproductive outcomes.
Workshop Materials: Video
Kevin Grimm, Ph.D.
Friday, February 20, 1:00pm to 5:00pm, McClelland Park RM 210
Title: Methods Workshop: Introduction to Growth and Growth Mixture Modeling with Structural Equation Modeling.
Abstract: This workshop will introduce the growth model and growth mixture model, two commonly utilized statistical approaches to study within-person change and between-person differences in change. During the workshop we will discuss the statistical underpinnings, important theoretical and practical considerations, and implementation of the models using the Mplus software. Illustrative examples will be used throughout the workshop and include data from education, psychology, and human development.
Workshop Materials: Powerpoint and Readings
Joyce Serido, Ph.D.
Friday, March 6, 3:30pm to 4:30pm, McClelland Park RM 206
Title: Life after College: Pathways to Self-Sufficiency in Young Adulthood
Abstract: The journey from adolescence to adulthood has shifted from visible, public markers such as first career job, marriage, starting a family, to a more subjective and private assessment of one’s ability to accept self-responsibility, establish an independent household, and make adult life choices (Arnett, 2000). Because financial knowledge, skills, and behaviors are needed to successfully manage adult roles and responsibilities, I conceptualize the transition to adulthood as a pathway toward a goal of financial self-sufficiency. Financial self-sufficiency refers to the ability to meet financial obligations without assistance. In this presentation, I first outline the case for examining financial behavior as a developmental process. I then examine the association between patterns of young adults’ financial behaviors during college to markers of adult self-sufficiency after college using three waves of data collected from a cohort of University of Arizona students (N= 977). I conclude with a discussion of the factors that distinguish between the patterns and the relevance for adult development and well-being.
Workshop Materials: Video
Spring Poster Session
Friday, March 13, 3:30pm to 5:00pm, McClelland Park RM 210
Are you planning on taking part in the Spring 2015 Poster Session? The session is open to Norton School students and post doctorate fellows who have made or will make a poster or oral presentation at a conference during this semester and would like to share their research with the rest of the Norton School.
William D. "Scott" Killgore, Ph.D.
Friday, April 24, 3:30pm to 4:30pm, McClelland Park RM 206
Title: Sleep Deprivation Selectively Impairs Emotional Aspects of Cognition
Abstract: Sleep deprivation affects many aspects of cognitive functioning, ranging from simple alertness and vigilance to higher order executive functions including judgment and complex decision-making. However, the deficits induced by sleep loss are often less consistent than might be expected, and emerging evidence suggests that many cognitive capacities show a surprising resilience to sleep deprivation. This has led to some debate in the literature concerning the validity of the assumption that sleep deprivation has ubiquitous negative effects on cognition. The current presentation will begin by focusing on the effects of sleep deprivation on metabolic activity within the prefrontal cortex, the brain region generally most involved in executive functions. Building upon the evidence that sleep deprivation leads to significant reductions in prefrontal metabolism, we then focus on a series of neurocognitive studies that explore the effects of total sleep deprivation on executive function capacities. Overall, these studies suggest that some aspects of executive functioning, especially those mediated primarily through dorsolateral prefrontal systems, are often resistant to sleep loss, perhaps through compensatory activation in other brain regions. On the other hand, we find that many higher order tasks that seem to be mediated primarily via the ventromedial/orbitofrontal systems are often quite profoundly affected by sleep loss, leading to alterations in judgments and decisions that involve emotional processing. Further data supporting this hypothesis will be presented from our recent studies employing resting state functional connectivity. Finally, we will integrate those findings with some of our ongoing research that explores the neurocircuitry that may contribute to the ability to resist the adverse effects of sleep deprivation.